Of course, the venue for the panorama should be selected in advance. When choosing sure to evaluate the position of the sun and the time of day. For example, during a sunrise you saw the excellent panorama – the sun at this time is behind your back. Arriving at the same place in the afternoon, you run the risk of image quality, because the rays of the sun will be very tough. But the sunset provides a gentle light, so that the time of shooting can go with a bang.
Panoramic optional tripod. Best of all, if it is expensive, and therefore sustainable. It is clear that in practice it is not always feasible, so you can budget even heavier tripod. Stand installation must be leveled, using for this purpose built level. Even a small error on the horizontal one frame can lead to a significant error in the panorama stitched from several shots, because the panoramic image is large. To correct such errors in the pictures already taken will have to tilt the image and cropping a low shot. In this case, there is a great risk that the important details that are close to the borders of photos will be permanently lost.
Stand shall be verified, then it is possible to install the camera. It should be rotated in the horizontal plane and thereby to check the layout of the image produced. At the same stage, a panorama correction.
The focal length should be minimal, range – 18-24 mm. Shooting mode – completely manual. It is undesirable to even to use the aperture priority mode. This restriction is important for the reason that in this mode of exposure may be arbitrarily changed depending on the luminance of each frame included in the panorama. As for the number of ISO, then – the smaller, the better.
It is important to maintain the white balance, and the automatic balance should not be used, because it can in this case it is easy to change from frame to frame – it is clear that such tinctures will not contribute to the production of high-quality images. Regarding the aperture value: it is very important compromise. Clamping of the stop aperture will provide a maximum depth of field. However, it also leads to an increase in exposure that is acceptable is not always. For example, if the survey is carried out on a bright and sunny day, the wind can be a serious hindrance to the longer exposure time. In this case, due to the swaying branches or water surface occurs blurring objects in the image.
However, the question of the right setting is achieved with the experience – it is possible that in the process of shooting, you just want to achieve this “wrong” effect. The training is important, even the wrong photo regarded as a success – the more shots you make, the more accurate will be able to grasp the relationship between the camera settings and the results obtained. So important and practice and knowledge of basic laws. Once you learn them thoroughly, you can go to the independent experiments.